Digestive Disorders: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment

Digestive Disorders

What is the disease of the digestive system?

There are many internal organs of the body in the digestive system which are all connected to each other with the help of a tube. There are many organs in the digestive tract, from mouth to anus, including food pipe, stomach and small intestines. Apart from this, digestive system also includes liver, gallbladder and pancreatic because they all produce digestive juices to digest food. The digestive system helps in the absorption of essential nutrients in the body and pulls out the waste material from the body.

If there is any problem in any part related to the digestive system, it is called the digestive tract. Some problems related to digestive tract such as chest burning, inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome etc. There are many problems related to the digestive system, so you can also accidentally visualize common symptoms.

There are some symptoms that indicate the disease of the digestive system such as diarrhoea, constipation, bleeding through the digestive system, regurgitation and difficulty in swallowing etc. It is important to understand the general and serious symptoms of the digestive system so that you can tell the doctor properly about them. Testing of the digestive tract is done by gastroenterologist; specialist doctors of stomach disorders. To test the condition, doctors can also suggest a test like blood tests, X-rays and endoscopy.

Some types of medicines are given in combination with the treatment of the digestive system and some changes are made in the patient's lifestyle.

Some problems caused by the digestive tract disease are not more distressing, but other problems can be severe and if they are left without treatment it can be fatal for life.

Types of Digestive Disorders

How many types of digestive tract disease are?

Many digestive problems and groups of diseases are called digestive system disorders or digestive tract disease. Diseases associated with liver, stomach, gallbladder, pancreatic, small intestine and colon are known as the disease of the digestive system.

Diseases of the digestive system include the following types of diseases:

Digestive Disorders Symptoms

What are the symptoms of digestive tract disease?

Symptoms of digestive tract disease can vary from person to person because they depend on the type of disease in the digestive tract. Some common symptoms of the digestive tract include:

  • Some changes in diarrhoea, constipation or bowel movement
  • Feeling pain in the stomach before and after eating
  • Stomach bloating or gas stomach
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Chest burn
  • Come back out of food
  • In the early years of life, indigestion in the middle of a life or when it is old
  • Constant weight event (for which reason is not known)
  • Difficulty swallowing and pain
  • Lack of appetite
  • Black colic
  • Mumps or bleeding with stools or stools
  • Pain during bowel movement
  • Tiredness, lethargy or unhealthy feeling of any kind of stomach symptoms

When to go to the doctor?

If you have any of the following problems, you should show the doctor as soon as possible:

  • If persist for a few days continuously
  • Regular weight loss without any reason
  • Blood is coming in the stool
  • Stomach ache which is growing rapidly
  • If your digestive symptoms do not improve even in lifestyle changes and meditation, you should go to the doctor and get it checked.

Digestive Disorders Causes

Digestive Disorders Causes

Why is the digestive tract disease?

There may be several causes of digestive tract disease:

stomach ulcer:

  • Bacterial infection in the stomach
  • Frequent medicines taking Aspirin, Ibuprofen and other inflammation and anti-inflammatory drugs


This is usually due to an unhealthy diet and dull lifestyle.

Food habits that can cause constipation:

  • Eating large amounts of sweet and fat foods
  • Consumption of low-fat foods containing fibre
  • There is no adequate supply of water and other fluid in the food
  • Eating alcohol, tea, coffee etc.
Father's calculus:

The gallbladder creates a fluid that is called anther, the parasite acts to digest cholesterol in the body. There is obviously no reason to know the cause of stones in gallstones. If there is any obstruction in the flow of gallbladder from the gallbladder or if the amount of cholesterol in the gallstones has increased, then the stones in the gallbladder may begin to form.

There are also other factors, which can cause stones in the gallbladder:

  • Eat more fat foods
  • Eat more cholesterol foods
  • Regular consumption of foods that have less fibre
  • Cholecystolithiasis
  • Body weight loss rapidly
  • A disease related to liver
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD):

In this disease, your swelling, redness and irritation develop in the digestive tract.

  • ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn's disease
Immune system disorders:

When your immune system battles viruses and bacteria spreading inside the body, then there is a disorder in the immune system, it also begins to destroy the healthy cells of the digestive system.

Irrelevant Bowl Syndrome:

When the muscles are not fully compressed for a bowel movement, this condition is called Irrelevant Bowl Syndrome.

Acid Reflux Disease (GERD):

When you swallow something, the sphincter at the end of the food tube opens, so food and liquid go inside the stomach and then they are closed. But when these sphincters become weak or start working in extraordinary ways, many times they open without any reason, so that acidic substances inside the stomach back into the food tube. These acidic substances cause irritation in the lining of the food tubes, this condition is called acid reflux disease. Many times in this condition, swelling and redness also occur in the food tube. There are some conditions that increase the risk of developing acid reflux disease:

  • obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • cigarette smoking alcoholl
  • The high amount of tea and coffee


By inflammation of the nerves, pressure increases in the area around the anus, which is called haemorrhoids. Haemorrhoids can be caused by:

  • obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Sitting in the restroom for a long time
  • Chronic diarrhoea
  • High stress during a bowel movement
  • Foods with low fibre

Prevention of Digestive Disorders

How to prevent digestive tract disease?

There are some problems related to the digestive system that can not be prevented. By changing lifestyle and diet, some types of digestive problems can be prevented from developing and digestive action can be kept in normal condition:

  • Do not drink soft drinks.
  • Drink plenty of fluid.
  • Eat slowly or drink.
  • Do not eat more fatty, spicy and lubricated foods.
  • Do not eat too much food.
  • Always eat light food at night
  • Do not lie immediately after eating.
  • Quit smoking. 
  • Exercise a lot and keep your healthy weight. 
  • Avoid stress, because stress affects your entire body, including the digestive system.
  • Regularly wash hands, most of the germs causing problems in the digestive system reach the organs of the digestive system by hand to the mouth. When a person touches the contaminated material, the germ gets on his hands and then goes to the mouth during eating or drinking. Regular hand washing reduces the chances of reaching the mouth of the microbes.
  • When you have a desire to bowel movements, then go for bowel movements. If you do not relinquish the bowel at that time then the desired ends and the stool becomes stiff, which can also be difficult to remove.
  • Check medicines, because if you are regularly taking swollen and painkiller medicines, then they may have problems like chest burning.
Diagnosis of Digestive Disorders

How is the diagnosis of the disease of the digestive system?

Prior to testing the disease of the digestive system, the doctor will ask you some questions about your symptoms, lifestyle and previous medical condition, and if you are eating any type of medication, ask about them too.

To test the diseases of the digestive tract, the doctor can do the following tests:

CT scan and MRI scan:

These tests are done to properly examine the size of all the organs of the digestive system and their place.

General X-ray: If there is any kind of obstruction in your digestive system somewhere then this test can be detected with the help of it.
Barium X-ray: Before the X-ray in this test, a special substance called barium is given to the patient. When it goes inside the barium body, the picture of the x-ray is white in colour. This test is done to find out whether the food pipe and the stomach are working properly.

Intubation of the digestive system:
During this test, a small, thin and flexible tube is inserted inside the patient's stomach or small intestine through the nose or mouth. This test is used to detect the cause of digestive disease or to extract samples from the stomach fluid.

Stool Test -
During stool test, the samples of the patient's stool are taken and it is examined to detect the presence of blood, fungi, viruses, bacteria, white blood cells, piles and cancer. If the patient is unable to properly recover the nutrients, then this condition can also be detected with the help of a stool test.

In ultrasound, sound waves are used to take pictures of the inner organs of the patient's body. If there is any abnormality in any part of the digestive system, then with the help of this test, it gets detected.

Digestive Disorders Treatment

How is the treatment of the digestive tract disease?

It is treated according to the type of disease of the digestive system. Any digestive problems should be tested and treated by the doctor only. Do not take any kind of medicine without asking the doctor.

Certain digestive diseases can be cured just by making lifestyle changes, and others are treated with medicines. If this disease does not cure medication or other remedies then you may also need to undergo surgery.

Cure of the stomach in the stomach:

Antibiotics are given to treat ulcers in the stomach and proton pump inhibitor medicine (PPIs) is used to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach.

Treatment of constipation:

The following medicines can be written to treat constipation:

  • Stool softeners
  • Fibre Supplements
  • Alekseev

Treatment of gallbladder:

Many people with Patricia do not have any symptoms, so they do not need treatment. If symptoms of paternal stones are developing then treatment may be required. In some cases, the doctor removes the pap from the patient's body after performing the operation.

Celiac Disease Treatment:

Eating whole gluten-free diet throughout the lifetime is the only way to keep the symptoms of the Celiac disease under control throughout life.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treatment:

The main goal of this treatment is to reduce swelling and redness in the digestive tract. Because this causes symptoms of inflatable bowl disease.

To treat this condition, supplements of nutrients, swelling and burning sensation and immune system-suppressing medicines are given. In severe cases, surgery can also be done to remove the damaged portion of the intestine.

Treatment of Acid Reflux Disease:

Gord's symptoms can usually be controlled with the help of medicines. But in some cases, if medicines do not work or you do not want to take medicines for a long time then doctors can do the surgery to treat it. Generally, the following medicines may be written to treat acid reflux disease:

  • Proton pump inhibitors, Pantoprazole, Omeprazole, Rabeprazole
  • H2 Receptor Blocker - Ranitidine, Nizatidine
  • Baclofen

Haemorrhoids treatment:

In the treatment of haemorrhoids, the patient is advised to drink plenty of water and eat fibre-rich food items.

To treat haemorrhoids, doctors may also write a cream containing Hydrocortisone. If there is severe swelling in the veins, then it may also require surgery.

Digestive Disorders Risks & Complications

What are the problems with digestive tract disease?

Complications of developing stomach ulcers -

  • Bleeding inside the stomach
  • Abdominal cavity
  • Gastric outlet obstruction
Haemorrhoids and constipation complications:

  • Anal fissure, particle cleft and cracks in the skin of the anus
  • Stool in the rectum
  • Rectal prolapse, intestinal excretion coming out of the anus

Complications of ulcerative colitis and chronic diseases -

  • Increasing the risk of colon cancer
  • Gastric ulceration
  • Maladaptation (malfunction of the elements present in the food) and malnutrition
Complications from paternal stones -

In some people, there is no complication of Patric stones, although some people may have the following complications:

  • In the gallbladder, swelling and burning
  • Pancreatitis and inflammation
  • Intestinal obstruction

Complications of irritable bowel disease:

  • depression
  • Worry 
  • Severe diarrhoea due to lack of water in the body
  • Many aspects of life should be affected (not able to live properly or disturb the level of life)
Medicines for Digestive Disorders

Many medicines are available for the digestive system's disease. But keep in mind that without consulting the doctor, please do not take any medicines. By taking medicines without the advice of a doctor, your health can be seriously damaged.
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