Jaundice: Types, Causes, symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention and treatments


The cause of jaundice is the substance called bilirubin's which is formed in the body's tissues and blood. When red blood cells break down in the liver, then yellow colored bilirubin's are formed. When this substance is not able to go out of the body by the blood towards the liver and by the liver due to any condition, then jaundice occurs. Jaundice can be of three types:


If red blood cells break down prematurely, then bilirubin's can be produced in such a large quantity that the liver can not handle, i.e., it can not filter. Due to this, the amount of unprocessed bilirubin's in the blood increases due to jaundice which makes the eyes and skin appear yellow. It is called prehepatic jaundice or homiletic jaundice. This condition can also be caused by genetic or side effects of some medicines.

Sometimes there is jaundice due to problems in liver cells. Neonates lack the maturity of enzymes which are necessary for the process of bilirubin's and their liver are not fully developed, due to which they may have temporary jaundice. Alcohol, other toxic substances and some medicines in adults are the reason for damaging liver cells, which can cause HEPA to cellular jaundice.

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Bilirubin's increases due to blockage in the bile duct, which becomes yellow by spreading in urine. This is called post the panic jaundice or obstructive jaundice.

Types of Jaundice

There are three main types of jaundice -

1. Hepatic cellular jaundice - caused by illness or injury to the liver.

2. Homiletic jaundice - It is caused by hemolysis (rapid decomposition of red blood cells), which causes excess bilirubin's.

3. Obstructive jaundice - is caused by obstruction in the bile duct (a system of tubes carrying liver from the liver to the gallstones and small intestines), which prevents bilirubin's from leaving the liver.

Do not think of jaundice as infant jaundice, it is usually an indication of an underlying disorder.

Symptoms of jaundice

The biggest symptom of jaundice is the yellowing of the skin and the white parts of the eyes.

In addition, the symptoms of jaundice include fever, weakness, fatigue, lack of appetite, weight loss, nausea, light colored stool, abdominal pain, constipation, headache, dark urine, burning in the body and in some cases itching. 

If you want a happy and healthy life then keep your liver healthy, stay away from alcohol, follow simple diet and make lifestyle changes for jaundice, and help Ayurveda treatment to get rid of jaundice and other liver disorders.

Note: If you have already had jaundice, do not donate your blood before proper examination.

Jaundice Causes

If the amount of bilirubin's in the blood is greater than 2.5 then the process of cleansing of liver stops and jaundice occurs due to this.

Prehepatic jaundice is caused by an increase in the amount of bilirubin's due to early breakdown of red blood cells. For many years there may be malaria, thalassemic, skill cell anemia, Gilbert syndrome and many other genetic reasons.

Hepatic cellular jaundice is caused by any type of infection in the liver cells or any type of infection in the liver, which are the reason behind the increase of acidity in the body, excessive drinking, excessive salt and intake of pungent substances.

Post the panic jaundice is caused by obstruction in the gall canal, which can be the result of the reverse reaction of lesions, gallstones, hepatitis, excessive amount of medicine.

Prevention of Jaundice
Jaundice is a liver disorder, which causes the color of the skin and eyes to turn yellow. However, in the case of jaundice, medicine is important but due to changes in their lifestyle and the consumption of proper diet, this disorder can be avoided.

1. Diet For Jaundice Patient

Diet plays an important role in treating any disease. It is also with jaundice-like disorder. Eat a meal on time and eat a little 4-5 times a day, it is better to eat three times a lot of food. To maintain good health, wash your hands well before eating and after eating meals. Drink pure water to drink.

Indian Food to Eat During Jaundice

People with jaundice should eat green vegetables and foods that are easily digestible. Jaundice patients should consume juice of such vegetables which are bitter such as bitter gourd. This juice is very beneficial in the case of jaundice. Drinking lemon juice, radish or tomato juice is also handy. The use of buttermilk and coconut water for jaundice patients be also perfect. The juice of wheat, grapes, raisins, almonds, cardamom and fresh fruit should be consumed.

Food Not To Eat During Jaundice

The patients of jaundice should stay away from spicy, salted and oiled foods. Alcohol should not be used at all because it acts as a slow poison for your liver and can increase the problem of jaundice.

Non-vegetarian foods and fast foods should not be included in their diet. Avoid consumption of lentils and carbohydrate rich foods.

2. Yoga Asanas For Jaundice

When it comes to recover from jaundice, it is especially important for you to rest adequately and do not work hard. Avoid sleeping during the day. Yoga helps you recover from the disease of jaundice.

3. Avoid Sex And Illegal Drugs During Jaundice

Avoid sexual intercourse when suffering from jaundice, because the feeling of lust can increase the symptoms of jaundice. For jaundice patients injections of illegal drugs, drug or liver damage drugs are very harmful, so avoid using them.

4. Take Warm Water Bath In Jaundice

Avoid excessive sunlight and take bath with hot water every morning. You can put need leaves in hot water and take a bath for 10 minutes. The feeling of stress and fear or anxiety can increase the symptoms of jaundice, so forget all worries and be happy.

Proper care, good hygiene, proper diet and the right lifestyle can remove any person's jaundice in short time.

Diagnosis of Jaundice
How to test jaundice?

Doctors diagnose jaundice on the patient's history and physiological examination, which is given more attention to the stomach. And the liver is checked -

  • A soft liver indicates cirrhosis
  • Whereas a hard liver shows cancer.
The severity of jaundice is determined by many tests, in which the first liver work is tested to see if the liver is functioning properly or not.

If the cause of symptoms be not recognized, then blood tests may be required to check the level of bilirubin's and evaluate the structure of the blood. Some of these tests include:

1. Bilirubin's Test - The level of unbalanced bilirubin's equivalent to the level of conjugated bilirubin's indicates hydrolysis (rapid disintegration of red blood cells).
2. Complete blood count test - to calculate blood cells
3.Hepatitis A, B, and C Testing.

If the liver is malfunction, then the liver is seen with the help of an imaging test. These include some tests:

1. MRI scan — The use of magnetic signals is used to create “slices” of soft tissues of human body.

2.Ultrasonography of the stomach - High frequency sound waves are used to create a two a dimensional image of soft tissues inside the human body.

3. CT Scan — A thin X-ray ray is used to make the image of soft tissue “slices” in the body.

4. Endoscopic retrograde collagen opened trot rally (ERAP) — a process that combines endoscopy and X-ray imaging.

Liver biopsy is particularly useful for screening inflammation, cirrhosis, cancer and fatty liver. In this test, to obtain a sample of the tissue, the injection of the liver by the needles through the skin is included, it is examined with the microscope.

Jaundice Treatment 
How is the treatment of jaundice?

Eating iron supplements or eating more irons rich foods increase the amount of iron in the blood, which can treat jaundice from anemia.

Jaundice from hepatitis can be treated with steroid drugs.

Treatment of jaundice depends on its cause. As soon as Paley is diagnosed, the treatment process is started. Some patients are required to be admitted to the hospital, while other patients get discharged after treatment.

In some individuals with jaundice, there is a need for helpful care in treatment. And it can be managed at home. For example, most cases of mild viral hepatitis can be managed by the doctor (relatively manageable) by alert waiting and at home with close surveillance -

1. If jaundiced is caused due to drugs / medicines / toxins, then the cause should be identified and stopped immediately.

2. Different drugs can be used to treat jaundiced conditions such as the use of steroids in the treatment of some autoimmune disorders. For example, some patients with cirrhosis may need diuretic and lactose treatment.

3. Antibiotics may be required for jaundiced related complications or complications related to jaundice (for example, colitis).

4. The person with jaundice with cancer needs to be consulted on the oncologist, and this treatment depends on the type and range of cancer (staging).

5. Some patients with jaundice may need surgery and various aggressive procedures. For example, some Boston patients may need surgery. Liver failure / cirrhosis may require liver transplantation.

Jaundice Risks & Complications
What are the complications of jaundice in adults?

The type of complexity and the severity of complications depend on the cause of jaundice. Some potential complications include -
1. Electrolyte abnormalities
2. Anemia
3. Bleeding
4. Infection / sepsis
5. Chronic hepatitis
6. Cancer
7. Liver failure
8. Kidney failure
9 Hepatic encephalopathy (brain dysfunction)
10. The death

Risk factor of jaundice

1. Premature birth - The child born before 38 weeks can not complete the process of bilirubin's as a full time. Also, it reduces low account and less stool, due to which less bilirubin's is eliminated through the stool.

2. Injuries during birth - If the newborn is injured due to delivery, then the level of bilirubin's can increase due to breakdown of red blood cells.

3. Type of blood — If the type of blood of the mother are different from the child, then the child gets antibody through the placenta, so that his blood cells break more rapidly.

4. Breastfeeding - Newborn, especially those who have not received complete nutrition from mammals, are at higher risk for jaundice.


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